“There are two principal lessons which we are taught on the great Festival which we this day celebrate, lowliness and joy … So that we have on the Feast of the Nativity these two lessons—instead of anxiety within and despondence without, instead of a weary search after great things—to be cheerful and joyful; and, again, to be so in the midst of those obscure and ordinary circumstances of life which the world passes over and thinks scorn of.”
Newman explained these two lessons in light of a passage from Luke where the angels bring “good tidings of great joy” to the lowly shepherds.
“Why should the heavenly hosts appear to these shepherds? What was it in them which attracted the attention of the Angels and the Lord of Angels? Were these shepherds learned, distinguished, or powerful? Were they especially known for piety and gifts?
Nothing is said to make us think so. Faith, we may safely say, they had, or some of them, for to him that hath more shall be given; but there is nothing to show that they were holier and more enlightened than other good men of the time, who waited for the consolation of Israel.
Nay, there is no reason to suppose that they were better than the common run of men in their circumstances, simple, and fearing God, but without any great advances in piety, or any very formed habits of religion.
Why then were they chosen? For their poverty’s sake and obscurity. Almighty God looks with a sort of especial love, or (as we may term it) affection, upon the lowly … To men so circumstanced the Angel appeared, to open their minds, and to teach them not to be downcast and in bondage because they were low in the world. He appeared as if to show them that God had chosen the poor in this world to be heirs of His kingdom, and so to do honor to their lot.”
“Fear not,” he said, “for behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Savior, which is Christ the Lord.”
This lesson of lowliness works in tandem with the words of Jesus, “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven” (Matthew 5:3).
God chose not to come as a rich king, riding triumphantly into Jerusalem, but as a poor man, born in an obscure place with no pomp and circumstance to accompany him.
He is a God of the poor and lowly, choosing to raise up those who have fallen.